The State of Iowa was originally a part of French and Spanish Louisiana. In the early 19th century, American settlers began to move into these lands. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state to join the Union.
Almost since achieving statehood, Iowa gained a tradition of state and county fairs. The state’s population laid the foundation for an agricultural economy in the heart of the country’s Corn Belt. Iowa has been recognized as one of the safest states to live in. That fact has been crucial in Iowa’s economic development.
For most of the 20th century, agriculture dominated the industry in Iowa. However, its location has transformed the state into a more diversified economy. Distribution centers in Iowa are among the busiest in the nation since many shipping companies take advantage of their connectivity. Iowa’s capital and most populated city is Des Moines.