The state took its name from the Native Americans who settled in current-day Massachusetts. It is the 15th most populous state in the nation but only the 6th smallest state by area. Its official name is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and Boston is its capital and largest city. Boston is the most significant metropolitan area in the New England region.
Massachusetts has played a prominent role in the commercial, scientific, and cultural history of the United States. For example, late in the 18th century, Boston was known as the “Cradle of Liberty” for the events that eventually led to the American Revolution.
Initially, Massachusetts’ economy depended on fishing, agriculture, and trading, but the state became a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. These days, Massachusetts turned to services as its primary sector.