Officially named the State of New York is located in the country’s Northeastern region. It is called New York State to distinguish it from New York City, the largest and most commercial-relevant city in the United States. New York is the fourth most populous state in the nation, and about 44% of the population inhabits the city.
New Jersey and Pennsylvania border the state to the south, and Massachusetts, Vermont, and Connecticut to the east. In addition, the state holds a maritime border with Rhode Island and an international border with Quebec and Ontario, two of the essential Canadian provinces.