Officially recognized in 1682 as one of the 13 colonies, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has had a profound and central role in the history and wars of the United States. It is located in the Middle Atlantic region; however, the state does not touch the Atlantic Ocean (it does border Lake Erie). Nonetheless, the wealth of the land has been crucial for Pennsylvania’s growth.
Besides Harrisburg, the state’s capital, Pennsylvania has two large metropolitan areas: Philadelphia, a big harbor on the Delaware River and one of the most critical shipping centers of the world, and Pittsburgh, a significant industrial region.
The state’s economy has evolved from a rural agricultural economy to an industrial one. As a result of the steel and textile industries choosing the state as their operating headquarters during the industrial revolution, the economic legacy remains to this day.
Since the second half of the twentieth century, service activities have increased within Pennsylvania. This shows that the state will continue to evolve to meet the needs of an increasingly complex economy.