Vermont is the only state in the New England Area without an exit to the Atlantic Ocean. It is the second-least populated and the sixth-smallest state in the United States. The territory that now comprises the state of Vermont was once part of the original colonies of New York and New Hampshire. In 1777, lands were granted to newly arrived settlers who established the Vermont Republic.
The state’s name was given because one of the settlers, Samuel Champlain, claimed the area as Verd Mont (Green Mountain in French). Then, the name morphed into its current form until its establishment in 1777. Montpelier is the state’s capital, and it is the least populated state capital of the country. Burlington is the largest city in Vermont.